Nature conservation

Conservation concept and landscape design

The idea of integrating Munich Airport into its environment in the best possible way has been a major part of the planning concept right from the start. This is why FMG has created structures to upgrade the environment in the wider area and link the areas together. The concept divides the areas in Erdinger and Freisinger Moos into three zones.

Zone I: airport premises with take-off and landing runway system, buildings, and roads

All areas on the airport premises that have not been developed or sealed have been designed as high-quality green areas, featuring over 6,000 planted trees. Specialist care and maintenance has led to varied species of vegetation growing on large areas of the airport, with some areas even filled with valuable low-nutrient grassland. The green areas around the runway system are important parts of the "Nördliches Erdinger Moos" bird sanctuary.


Zone II: wooded green belt with structural diversity around the airport premises

This acts as a buffer for settlements and agricultural premises and integrates the airport's buildings into the surrounding landscape.


Zone III: planning space for ecological compensation measures

Compensation and replacement areas are planned, developed, and maintained on the basis of current legislation set out in the German impact regulations under nature protection law, species protection law, the European conservation zone for the Natura 2000 network, and forestry laws. As well as fulfilling a compensatory role for Glossary conservation and the landscape, these individual measures also improve existing vegetation in need of protection. For instance, they create biotope corridors, that also link conservation areas to flowing bodies of water. Furthermore, FMG has the measures checked by the relevant authorities to make sure they comply with requirements.


Spotlight: Nature protection

Flowering meadow