Compensation areas

Compensating for the unavoidable intrusions

Sometimes there is no way of avoiding negative effects on land and nature through construction projects. With our compensatory and replacement areas, Munich Airport ensures that these unavoidable intrusions in nature and the landscape are fully offset or replaced. The overarching objective of all nature conservation measures is to increase the ecological diversity and to restore or optimize the most threatened biodiverse habitats in nature.

Creating Habitats and Protecting Species

Conservation experts at FMG pay special attention to endangered and protected habitats and species. Working closely alongside conservation authorities and in line with applicable requirements, FMG ensures that compensatory measures are put in place to conserve and safeguard the habitats of flora and fauna in the long term. The special areas set aside provide ideal corners for endangered species such as the Northern lapwing, the dusky large blue and the marsh gladiolus.

As early as during the planning process for construction projects, nature conservation reports and the "landscape conservation support plan” set out what space is to be created and designated as a compensatory area and where and how this is to be done.

As part of this, aspects of the "Nördliches Erdinger Moos” European Special Protection Area and other conservation areas are evaluated, their species diversity is assessed and existing areas are examined for protected species. The findings are then incorporated into planning for the compensatory and replacement areas. This ensures that the network of conservation areas known as the Natura 2000 network is safeguarded and that no harm is done to protected animal and plant species. The compensatory areas often act as a type of stepping stone.

These compensatory measures are included in the building permit.

After they are designed, it is also important to maintain and monitor the existing areas. A maintenance and development plan sets out exactly how and when, for example, grassland and wetland can be mowed, or how frequently wooded areas and shrubbery are to be thinned out.

In addition, regular success monitoring is carried out with regard to the protected animal and plant species in question in order to document and manage the success of the measures.

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